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On This Day in Black History: October 19
Hannibal was defeated at the battle of Zama, which marked the end of Carthage as a major power.
The first blacks, all Republicans, were elected to the House of Representatives. Three of the four congressional seats in South Carolina were won by blacks: Joseph H. Rainey, Robert C. DeLarge, and Robert B. Elliott. Rainey was the first black seated in the House, on December 12.
The League of Nations imposed economic sanctions on Italy when it wantonly invaded Ethiopia.
Johnetta B. Cole, the first African-American president of Spelman College, was born.
Reggae rebel, musician, singer and composer Peter Tosh was born Hubert Winston McIntosh.
The U.S. Navy integrated their Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service (WAVES).
Martin Luther King, Jr. was arrested at an Atlanta sit-in. He was sentenced to four months in the Georgia State Prison for violating a probated traffic sentence. Eight days later, he was released on bond after presidential candidate John F. Kennedy intervened. It is believed that Kennedy's timely call to Coretta Scott King during Dr. King's imprisonment solidified the black vote, which sealed his electoral victory.
The King Library and Archives, the world’s largest repository of primary source materials on Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and the American civil rights movement, opened in Atlanta, Georgia.
Maurice Bishop, prime minister of Grenada, was killed in a coup.
Samora Machel, president of Mozambique, died in an airplane crash on his way back from an international meeting in Lusaka, Zambia.

Today's Featured Page
Candace of Meroe
Unlike the queens of Egypt who derived power from their husbands, the Queens of Kush were independent rulers, to the extent that it was often thought that Meroe never had a king. Four of these queens—Amanerinas, Amanishakhete, Nawidemak and Maleqereabar—became distinctively known as Candaces, a corruption of the word Kentake. More...

Previously Featured Pages
Curt Flood
Curt Flood was the star center fielder of the St. Louis Cardinals who challenged baseball's reserve system all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court. More...

Dr. Mae Jemison
Dr. Mae Jemison became the first African-American woman astronaut to participate in a NASA shuttle mission. More...

Cowrie Shells
Cowrie shells were the most popular currency within Africa. Pictures of cowrie shells adorned cave walls. The Egyptians considered them to be magical agents and also used them as currency in foreign exchange transactions. Archaeologists have excavated millions of them in the tombs of the Pharaohs. More...

The Dogon of Mali
For centuries, the Dogon of Mali have had an excellent understanding of the solar system, particularly the Sirius star system. More...

The Fall of Benin
On February 17, 1897, Benin City fell to the British. On that fateful day in history, the city of Benin lost its independence, its sovereignty, its Oba (king), its control of trade, and its pride. More...

The Golden Stool of the Asante
The Golden Stool of the Asante contains the soul or sunsum of the nation. It is considered to be so sacred that no one is allowed to sit on it. More...