On This Day in Black History: August 20
Twenty Africans arrived in Jamestown, Virginia aboard a Dutch ship.
Fur trader and trapper George Bonga was born to black fur trader Pierre Bonga and an Ojibwe woman near Duluth, Minnesota. He was the first African-American to be born in Minnesota and he was educated in Montreal, Quebec.
Inventor Otis Boykin was born.
The SS Frederick Douglass, named after the abolitionist, was torpedoed and lost st sea.
Senegal broke from the Mali Federation, becoming fully independent.
President Lyndon B. Johnson passed the Economic Opportunity Act.
African-Canadian pitcher Ferguson Jenkins won 20 Major League Baseball games for the fifth consecutive year. In the same year he also won the National League Cy Young Award, becoming the first Chicago Cub pitcher ever to receive this award.
The United Democratic Front (UDF), an umbrella organization of anti-apartheid groups, was organized in South Africa.
Today's Featured Page
Patrice Lumumba was born in Katako-Kombe in the Kasai Province of the Belgian Congo in 1925. In October 1958, he formed the Mouvement National Congolais (MNC), which was the only major party that had a truly national base. A nationalist and Pan-Africanist, he mobilized the Congolese people to press for independence. More...
Previously Featured Pages
Mary Ann Shadd Cary
From an early age, Mary was exposed to the anti-slavery movement, where she developed a good grasp of the issues and honed her debating skills. More...
The Tuskegee Airmen
Myth: Black men can't fly planes. General H.H. Arnold unequivocally stated that "no Blacks would ever pilot a plane in the upcoming war [World War II.]" The myth was debunked with the help of the US Congress. More...
Born in 1844, Menelik II was one of the most celebrated of Ethiopia's rulers, and led the most successful campaign of African resistance to repel the onslaught of European colonialism. More...
Dr. George Carruthers
Dr. Carruthers is an astrophysicist of international renown. He was the principal inventor of the first moon-based observatory, the Far Ultraviolet Camera/Spectrograph—a combination spectograph and camera, with an electron intensifier—used for the Apollo 16 mission to the moon in 1972. More...
Granvillle T. Woods
During his lifetime, Granville T. Woods held over thirty-five patents. More than a dozen of these patents were inventions for electric railways but most of them were focused on electrical control and distribution. More...
Ernest Everett Just
Ernest E. Just was a "scientist's scientist". Dr. Charles Drew, a pioneer in blood plasma research himself, described Dr. Just as "a biologist of unusual skill and the greatest of our original thinkers in the field". More...
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