On This Day in Black History: December 8
President Lincoln issued his Proclamation on Amnesty and Reconstruction.
Emperor Menelik II of Ethiopia drove out the Italian forces of General Baratieri from Amba Alagi.
The NAACP filed suit for William B. Gibbs, a school principal, against the Montgomery County Board of Education in Maryland to equalize salaries for black and white teachers. At that time, white teachers were, on average, earning twice as much as black teachers with similar qualifications.
Britain's Race Relations Act came into force, making racial discrimination unlawful in public places. The Act has since evolved with amendments in 1976, 2000 and 2003.
The Los Angeles police department launched a full-scale attack on Southern California Black Panthers in a predawn raid.
Kurt Schmoke was sworn in as Mayor of Baltimore, Maryland, becoming the first African-American to hold that office.
Winnie Mandela was elected president of the ANC's Women's League.
Ethiopia adopted a new federal constitution guaranteeing the right of any area to secede.
The Houston Octuplets: Nkem Chukwu had a baby girl. Twelve days later, she gave birth to seven more babies by Caesarean section. Seven babies ultimately survived.
Firestone, the multinational rubber manufacturing giant known for its automobile tires, came under fire from human rights and environmental groups for its alleged use of child labour and slave-like working conditions at a plantation in Liberia.

Today's Featured Page
Caught between dissident factions within his military and Europeans searching for gold, Lobengula thwarted the internal dissent by signing a number of treaties with the Europeans without jeopardizing his sovereignty. More...

Previously Featured Pages
Ernest Everett Just
Ernest E. Just was a "scientist's scientist". Dr. Charles Drew, a pioneer in blood plasma research himself, described Dr. Just as "a biologist of unusual skill and the greatest of our original thinkers in the field". More...

Mary Ann Shadd Cary
From an early age, Mary was exposed to the anti-slavery movement, where she developed a good grasp of the issues and honed her debating skills. More...

Norbert Rillieux
In 1843, Norbert Rillieux invented a vacuum evaporation system that revolutionized the sugar-refining process. Production costs dropped drastically with an attendant decrease in retail prices, making sugar more affordable. In addition, his process is now widely used in the manufacture of soap, evaporated milk, glue and gelatin. More...

Born in 1786, Moshoeshoe emerged as a militarist and diplomat, forging a nation out of the chaos created by Shaka's military campaigns. Considered one of Africa's greatest statesmen, Moshoeshoe merged the displaced with his own people into a unitary state with defined borders and one language. More...

Nanny of the Maroons
Nanny, or Granny Nanny as she was affectionately called, was a brilliant military strategist. She was equally adept at being a shrewd military tactician and the spiritual leader of the Windward Maroons, providing the group with military and religious stability. More...

African-American Astronauts
Guion S. Bluford became the first African-American to go into space in August 1983 aboard the Challenger. More...