On This Day in Black History: September 23
A Virginia Act declared that slaves were not freed when baptized.
Mary Church Terrell, activist and first president of the National Association of Colored Women, was born.
Ethiopia was admitted to the League of Nations.
Composer and jazz saxophonist John Coltrane, who reshaped modern jazz and influenced generations of other musicians, was born.
Legendary singer and composer Ray Charles was born Ray Charles Robinson in Albany, Georgia.
Nine black students who had entered Little Rock Central High School in Arkansas were forced to withdraw because an unruly white mob awaited them outside.
Pan-Africanist and political activist George Padmore died.
President Kennedy named Thurgood Marshall to the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals.
St. Kitts and Nevis join the United Nations.

Today's Featured Page
At age 23, Shaka was conscripted into the Izi-cwe regiment of the army of Dingiswayo, the Mtetwa king. It was during this period that he developed the fighting techniques that made his warriors terrorize southeastern Africa. More...

Previously Featured Pages
Philip Emeagwali
Philip Emeagwali, a Nigerian presently living in the US, won the International Gordon Bell Prize in computer science. More...

Dr. Percy Julian
Born in 1899 in Montgomery, Alabama, Dr. Percy Julian's research yielded more than 100 patents. He created derivative drugs to treat glaucoma and arthritis at a reasonable cost. His research on the soybean led to discoveries in the manufacture of drugs, hormones, vitamins, paint and paper. More...

The Rastafarian Movement
The Rastafarian Movement takes its name from Ras Tafari, later crowned as Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia in 1930. Rastafarian philosophy stresses anti-colonialism and an affirmation of African social and cultural history. It offers both historical and political alternatives and its focus is on Africa. More...

Samori Ture
Born about 1830 in Sanankaro, a village southeast of Kankan in present-day Guinea, Samori Ture chose the path of confrontation, using warfare and diplomacy, to deal with the French colonial incursion into West Africa and established himself as the leading African opponent of European imperialism. More...

Benjamin Carson
Dr. Benjamin Carson is best known for his role as pediatric neurosurgeon in a complex operation separating Siamese twins joined at the head. More...

The Shona
The ruins of Great Zimbabwe still stand near the modern town of Masvingo in present-day Zimbabwe. They are three hundred feet long and two hundred feet wide. The walls are thirty feet high and, in many cases, twenty feet thick. They are the symbol of important political and economic developments among the Shona-speaking peoples in the twelfth century. More...

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