The Buffalo Soldiers

In 1866, Congress authorized the formation of six all-Black peacetime units—the 9th and 10th Cavalry, and the 38th, 39th, 40th and 41st Infantry regiments, which were later merged into the 24th and 25th Infantries.

In campaigns against the Apaches, Cheyennes, Comanches, Sioux and Kiowas, the troopers won the respect of these warriors, who named them the Buffalo Soldiers. Many native Americans believe the name symbolized their respect for the Buffalo Soldiers' bravery and valor.

The story of the Buffalo Soldiers—their unsurpassed courage and patriotism—will live forever in the annals of the history of the United States.

At least 18 Medals of Honor were presented to the Buffalo Soldiers during the Western Campaign. They also participated in The Spanish-American War, The Philippine Insurrection and The Mexican Expedition.
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Black Valor: Buffalo Soldiers and the Medal of Honor, 1870-1898, Frank N. Schubert. Scholarly Resources, 1997.
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The Buffalo Soldiers, Taressa Stovall. Chelsea House Publishers Paperbacks, 1997.
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Buffalo Soldiers, Tom Willard. Forge, 1997.
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Buffalo Soldiers: The Story of Emanuel Stance, Robert H. Miller and Michael Bryant. Silver Press, 1994.
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Lonely Eagles and Buffalo Soldiers: African Americans in World War II, Tom McGowen. Franklin Watts, Incorporated, 1995.
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On the Trail of the Buffalo Soldier: Biographies of African Americans in the U.S. Army, 1866-1917, Frank N. Schubert. Scholarly Resources, 1995.
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