The Rastafarian Movement
The Rastafarian Movement takes its name from Ras Tafari, later crowned as Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia in 1930.
Rastafarian philosophy stresses anti-colonialism and an affirmation of African social and cultural history. It offers both historical and political alternatives and its focus is on Africa.
Before the coronation of Emperor Haile Selassie, Ethiopianism was embraced by black people, confirmed by several passages in the Bible mentioning Ethiopia and its greatness, giving them a source of strength, pride in themselves and the impetus to create new religious systems with ancestral Africa as the focus.
When Ras Tafari was crowned, this sealed the acceptance of the new faith. He revived the titles of "the conquering Lion from the tribe of Judah, King of Kings, Lord of Lords..." and was hailed as a divine figure due to his ancestral connection with the union of King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba and the unbroken line of descent. This further solidifies the focus on Africa and overturns the notion of the hegemony of white kings and the focus on Europe.
Black Paradise: The Rastafarian Movement, Peter B. Clarke. Borgo Press, 1994.
Haile Selassie I: The Formative Years 1892-1936, Harold G. Marcus. Red Sea Press, 1995.
I Am a Rastafarian, Jane Stuart. Powerkids Press, 1999.
I-Sight: The World of Rastafari: An Interpretive Sociological Account of Rastafarian Ethics, Jack A. Johnson-Hill. Scarecrow Press, 1995.
The Kebra Negast: The Book of Rastafarian Wisdom and Faith from Ethiopia and Jamaica, Gerald Hausman (ed.) and Ziggy Marley. St. Martins Press, 1997.
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