The Shona
Architects of Great Zimbabwe

The ruins of Great Zimbabwe still stand near the modern town of Masvingo in present-day Zimbabwe. They are three hundred feet long and two hundred feet wide. The walls are thirty feet high and, in many cases, twenty feet thick. They are the symbol of important political and economic developments among the Shona-speaking peoples in the twelfth century.

In addition to being praised for their architectural excellence, they have been the subject of controversy and extravagant theories exist as to their origins/creators. However, the question as to whether they have been created by blacks or whites has been put to rest.

They are solely the work of the Shona, and were constructed using indigenous raw materials according to architectural principles suited to these materials, which has endured over many centuries.
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Books

Great Zimbabwe, Mark Bessire. Franklin Watts, 1999.
Buy it in school & library binding: Amazon.com | Amazon.ca

Great Zimbabwe: The Iron Age in South Central Africa, Joseph O. Vogel. Garland, 1994.
Buy it in hardcover: Amazon.com

Shona, Gary Van Wyk and Robert Johnson. Rosen Publishing Group, 1997.
Buy it in library binding: Amazon.com | Amazon.ca

The Shona and Zimbabwe, 900-1850: An Outline of Shona History, D. N. Beach. Africana, 1980.
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Spirits in Stone: The New Face of African Art, Laura J. Ponter, Robert Holmes, Anthony Ponter, Mike Spinelli, Ashley Ponter, and Hope Tinney. Ukama Press/Zimbabwe Sculpture, 1997.
Buy it in paperback: Amazon.com

Search for 'Shona' on Amazon.com or Amazon.ca.
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