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The Tuskegee Airmen

Myth: Black men can't fly planes.

General H.H. Arnold unequivocally stated that "no Blacks would ever pilot a plane in the upcoming war [World War II.]"

The myth was debunked with the help of the US Congress. On June 27th, 1939, the Civilian Training Act was passed with the objective being the creation of a pool of civilian pilots in the event that the country should become involved in the war.

Legal segregation denied African-Americans the required training to become pilots, as it was only available at all-white flight schools. As a result of strong protest, the War Department capitulated and an all-black flight school was established at Tuskegee Air Force Base.

This action produced the first African-American combat pilots, who became known as the Tuskegee Airmen of the 99th Pursuit Squadron. Colonel Benjamin O. Davis Jr., son of the first African-American general, who became a general himself in 1965, came out of this squadron.
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Books

Double V: The Civil Rights Struggle of the Tuskegee Airmen, Lawrence P. Scott, William M., Sr., Womack, William M. Womack, Sr., and William M. Womack. Michigan State University Press, 1994.
Buy it in hardcover: Amazon.com
Buy it in paperback: Amazon.com | Amazon.ca

Red-Tail Angels: The Story of the Tuskegee Airmen of World War II, Pat McKissack, Patricia A. McKissack, and Fredrick L. McKissack. Walker & Company, 1995.
Buy it in hardcover: Amazon.com | Amazon.ca

Tuskegee Airman: The Biography of Charles E. McGee, Air Force Fighter Combat Record Holder, Charlene E. McGee Smith, Charlene E. McGee, and Adolph Caso (ed.) Branden Publishing Company, 1999.
Buy it in hardcover: Amazon.com | Amazon.ca

Tuskegee Airmen. Chandler/White Publishing Company, 1994.

The Tuskegee Airmen: Black Heroes of World War II, Jacqueline L. Harris. Dillon Press, 1996.
Buy it in hardcover: Amazon.com

Tuskegee Airmen: Heroes in Flight for Dignity, Inclusion, & Citizenship Rights, Ann C. Howell. Chandler/White Publishing Company, 1994.

The Tuskegee Airmen: The Men Who Changed a Nation, Charles E. Francis and Adolph Caso (Editor). Branden Publishing Company, 1997.
Buy it in hardcover: Amazon.com
Buy it in paperback: Amazon.com | Amazon.ca

Tuskegee Airmen: The Story of the Negro in the U. S. Air Force, Charles E. Francis. Branden Publishing Company, 1993.
Buy it in hardcover: Amazon.com
Buy it in paperback: Amazon.com

Warbirds Worldwide No. 35: Filming Tuskegee Airmen: Hawker Hunters. Motorbooks International, 1996.

Search for 'Tuskegee Airmen' on Amazon.com or Amazon.ca.
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Links

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